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When you think of penguins the first thing you probably imagine is a group of comic birds waddling around on the ice in Antarctica. But South America is actually home to a number of different species and they can be spotted in various colonies up and down the continent, including as far north as the Galápagos Islands. Here's a list of what penguins you can see where:


1) Galápagos penguin
Endemic to the Galápagos Islands, this is the only penguin living north of the equator.

Humboldt penguin
2) Humboldt penguin
Named after the cold-water current it swims in off the coast of Peru and Chile, the Humboldt penguin is listed as a vulnerable species.


3) Magellanic penguin
Closely related to the Galápagos and Humboldt penguins, the Magellanic penguin breeds in coastal Argentina, Chile and the Falkland Islands and can be seen near Punta Arenas in Chile and Punto Tombo, Ushuaia and the Beagle Channel in Argentina. Though some have been seen as far north as Rio!

Macaroni penguin
4) Macaroni penguin
Macaroni was a term used in the 18th century for persons who dressed and acted flamboyantly; so when English sailors came across a penguin with a bright yellow crest, they named it the macaroni penguin. These days they can be found in southern Chile, the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the Antarctic Peninsula.


5) Rockhopper penguin
Another crested penguin, the rockhopper penguin is one of the smallest species of penguin in the world. They can be seen around Cape Horn, the Falklands and South Georgia.

Chinstrap penguin
6) Chinstrap penguin
Its name derives from the black line which crosses its chin making it look as though it is wearing a hat. Easily identifiable, it can be seen in Antarctica, Argentina, Chile, the Falkland Islands and South Georgia.


7) Gentoo penguin
The breeding colonies of gentoo penguins are on ice-free surfaces and can travel quite far inland to nest. They can be seen on the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and in the Antarctic Peninsula.

King penguin
8) King penguin
The king penguin is the second largest species of penguin in the world and can be seen in Tierra del Fuego, the Falkland Islands and South Georgia.

Only found in Antarctica:


9) Adélie penguin
The Adélie penguin lives only along the Antarctic coast and are named after the wife of the French explorer who discovered these penguins in 1840.

Emperor penguin
10) Emperor penguin
The largest penguin on earth, the emperor penguin is endemic to Antarctica and will trek between 50 and 120km to breeding colonies during the Antarctic winter.


Take a look at these excursions and holidays to find out how you can see these penguins with Journey Latin America:

Wildlife watching in Antarctica
Antarctica: In search of the Emperor penguin
Visit a penguin colony
Visit Chiloe's penguins

 

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Real Latin America Experts

  • Hannah Donaldson
    Hannah Donaldson - Travel Consultant

    Having spent part of her childhood in Colombia and worked in Brazil and Costa Rica, Hannah's ties to Latin America run deep. Hannah is an invaluable part of our Group Tours team.

  • Kathryn Rhodes
    Kathryn Rhodes - Travel Consultant

    Kathryn backpacked across Argentina, Chile, Bolivia and Peru before joining us. She has a degree in Philosophy and French and is a keen netball player.

  • Chris Rendell Dunn
    Chris Rendell-Dunn - Travel Consultant

    Anglo-Peruvian Chris grew up in Lima and spent much of his adult life in between London and Cusco as a tour leader, before settling permanently in our Sales team.

  • JimAshworth
    Jim Ashworth - Travel Consultant

    Jim first caught the Latin American travel bug in 2001 when he decided at the last minute to join a friend travelling around Central America – he hasn't looked back since.

  • Jamie Swan
    Jamie Swan - Travel Consultant

    Jamie backpacked across Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina and Brazil before joining us; he has a degree in politics and is also a keen sportsman..

  • Paul Winrow Giffen
    Paul Winrow-Giffin - Travel Consultant

    After graduating in Computer Science, Paul spent seven months travelling from Colombia to Argentina and came home hooked on Latin America.

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