Chris Moss shares his travel tips with the Telegraph
I lived through 10 Independence Day celebrations in Argentina and they never changed. There was a brief and polite military parade and some flag-waving, and instead of screams of passion – that’s reserved for football matches and for going to war with Britain – locals celebrated with a churro – a donut-like creation, oddly enough, from Spain.
Independencia is celebrated every year in Latin American countries, but this year the anniversary is more momentous, especially for the five countries that will be remembering not their declarations of independence but their gritos, or cries for freedom, from the shackles of Spain: Venezuela, Argentina, Colombia, Mexico and Chile. Two centuries ago this year all waged war with colonial forces and all, finally, succeeded in breaking up the confederation of viceroyalties and captaincies to become free nations after long and bloody battles.
As many travellers will know, the countries of the Latin America are related by language, culture, history and cuisine. There is greater homogeneity across Latin America than across any other continent. But there are also many differences, and 2010 is an opportunity to begin to explore the variety and colour of this vast, rich and beautiful part of the world. If you’re thinking of going for the first time, these brief tasters will help you decide where, when and how. If you have been before, perhaps it’s time to see a side of Latin America you have never really thought about. Paraguay, perhaps? Or Suriname? Buen viaje and felicitaciones, in the bicentennial year of so many great countries.
When to go
Summer in Central America stretches from December until about April. The rainy months are from May to October, with storms most likely in August and September.
South America is a year-round destination, with the austral spring and summer being the best time to visit cities such as Buenos Aires and Santiago. However, travel in Patagonia is more difficult from April until November, as temperatures fall and the chances of rain and snow increase exponentially. Conditions fluctuate widely according to altitude across Latin America.
Hotels fill up fast for the festivities at Easter, especially in Central America.
Iberia is the principal carrier for Spanish-speaking Latin America, with flights from London Heathrow to Madrid’s Barajas and then on to all the major cities.
British Airways flies direct to Mexico City and to Buenos Aires via São Paulo.
TAP flies to Lisbon, from where there are connections to many Brazilian cities on the coast as well as Manaus.
TAM flies from London to São Paulo.
Air Europa fly to Lima, Buenos Aires, Havana, Caracas, Salvador and Cancún via Madrid.
Mexicana flies Gatwick-Mexico City.
KLM, Air France and Lufthansa, fly to Latin America via their hubs in Amsterdam, Paris and Frankfurt.
LAN flies Madrid-Santiago non-stop.
It is expensive to travel close to Christmas and in the peak summer holiday period. Journey Latin America has a dedicated flights department and their expert consultants can advise you on prices and routings.
Argentina: a beginner's guide
Belize: a beginner's guide
Bolivia: a beginner's guide
Brazil: a beginner's guide
Chile: a beginner's guide
Colombia: a beginner's guide
Costa Rica: a beginner's guide
Ecuador: a beginner's guide
El Salvador: a beginner's guide
Guatemala: a beginner's guide
The Guianas: a beginner's guide
Honduras: a beginner's guide
Mexico: a beginner's guide
Nicaragua: a beginner's guide
Panama: a beginner's guide
Paraguay: a beginner's guide
Peru: a beginner's guide
Uruguay: a beginner's guide
Venezuela: a beginner's guide
By Chris Moss, Guardian Journalist.