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2013 and earlier

Menu Reader: Latin American Spanish to English

Konrad M

By Konrad Mludzinski
Travel Consultants


 
A  
Aceite (de oliva) (Olive) oil
Aceituna Olive
Aderezo Dressing, condiment, seasoning
Agridulce Sweet and sour
Agua (con/sin gas) (Sparkling/still) water
Aguacate Avocado – Mexico and Central America
Ahumado/a Smoked
Ají Chilli pepper
Ajo Garlic
Ajonjoli Sesame
Ajiaco Potato and chicken stew
Albóndiga Meat ball
Alcachofa Artichoke
Alfajores Biscuit with sweet filling
Almendra Almond
Almeja Mussel, clam
Almuerzo (del dia) (Set) lunch
Ananás Pineapple
Anchoa Anchovy
Anchoveta Anchovy
Anguila Eel
Anticucho Meat (often beef heart) skewer –  Peru
Apio Celery
Apanado/a Breaded, flattened steak or chicken fillet
Arenque Herring
Arepas (Usually filled) corn bread pockets
Aresancocho Meat soup – Peru
Arrollado/a Rolled (as in Swiss roll)
Arrebosado/a In batter
Arroz Rice
Arroz con leche Rice pudding
Arveja Pea
Atún Tuna
Asado Selection of barbecued meats
Asado/a Roasted/barbecued
Ave Poultry
Avena Oats
Avellana Hazelnut
Azafrán Saffron
Azucar Sugar
   
B  
Bacalao Cod (often salted)
Bagre Catfish
Batata Sweet potato, yam – Argentina
Batido Smoothie, shake
Bebida Drink
Berenjena Aubergine
Bien cocido / bien hecho Well done
Bife / biftek / bistek Steak
Bocadillo Snack, sandwich
Bola Ball
Bollo Croquette
Brocheta Skewer, kebab
Buen provecho
Bon appetit
Budin Pudding
   
C  
Cabrito Kid goat
Cacahuete Peanut – Mexico
Cacerola Casserole
Café Coffee
(Café) cortado Coffee with a small amount of milk
Café con leche Coffee with a large amount milk
Calabacín Marrow
Calabacita Courgette
Calabaza Pumpkin, marrow
Caldo Broth (often seafood)
Callos Tripe
Caliente Hot, warm
Calamares Squid
Camarones Prawns, shrimps, crayfish
Canasta Basket (eg of bread)
Canela Cinnamon
Canelones Cannelloni pasta
Cangrejo Crab
Carapulcra Dried potato and pork stew – Peru, Bolivia
Carbonada Meat stew with fruit – Chile, Peru
Carne Meat
Carne de res Beef
Carta de vinos Wine list
Cáscara Skin, peel
Casco Shell
Castaña Chestnut
Causa Mashed potato dish, usually with seafood and mayonnaise
Caymito Orange fruit with succulent flesh
Cazuela Thick stew or casserole
Cebada Barley
Cebolla Onion
Cebolletas Chives, spring onions
Cena
Dinner
Centeno Rye bread
Centolla King crab – Chile, Argentina
Cerdo Pork
Cerveza Beer
Ceviche/cebiche Fresh fish marinated in lime juice and chilli
Chactado/a Seared
Champiñones Mushrooms
Chancho Pork – Andean region
Chapulines Fried grasshoppers
Charqui / charque
Dried meat (jerky)
Chaucha Runner bean
Chaufa Chinese fried rice
Chicha Fermented maize drink
Chicharrones Deep-fried pork pieces
Chifa Chinese-influenced cuisine – Peru
Chilaquiles Spicy tortillas – Mexico
Chino/a Chinese
Chirimoya Custard apple
Chivato/chivo Kid goat
Choclo Corn
Cholga Large mussel
Chopp Draught lager
Choro Mussel
Chuleta Cutlet, chop
Chupe Seafood stew with potato
Churrasco Barbecued or grilled meat
Churros
Battered, sugared snacks, similar to doughnuts
Cigales
Crayfish
Cilantro
Coriander
Ciruela
Plum
Cobertura
Topping
Coca
Coca leaf
Coca
Coca Cola
Cocido
Thick soup or stew (also: cooked)
Coco
Coconut
Coctel
Cocktail
Col
Cabbage
Cola Tail
Coliflor
Cauliflower
Completo
Hot dog – Chile
Conchas / conchitas
Scallops
Conejo
Rabbit
Conserva
Jam
Congelado/a
Frozen
Corazón
Heart
Cordero
Lamb, mutton
Corvina
Sea bass
Costilla
Rib
Crema
Cream (also: cream of... soup)
A la criolla
Creole-style
Croqueta
Croquette
Crudo/a
Raw
Cubierto
Cover charge
Cuy
Guinea pig


D

Datil
Date (fruit)
Desayuno
Breakfast
Dorado
Mahi mahi (large ocean fish)
Dulce
Sweet
Dulce de leche
Caramelised condensed milk
Durazno
Peach


E

Escabeche
Lightly pickled chicken or fish
Elote
Sweetcorn – Mexico
Empanada
Pasty
Empanado/a
Breaded
Encebollado/a
With onions
Enchilado/a
With chillis
Ensalada
Salad
En su tinta
In its own ink (squid)
Entradas
Starters
Envuelto/a
Wrapped
Espárragos
Asparagus
Espinaca
Spinach
Estofado
Stew

 
F  
Fiambre
Cooked cold meats
Fideos
Noodles
Frambuesa
Raspberry
Frances
French
Fresa
Strawberry
Frijoles (refritos)
(Refried) beans
Fritanga
Grilled pork
Fritas
Chips (fries)
Fruta
Fruit
Frutos de mar
Seafood
Frutilla
Strawberry – Argentina, Chile


G

Galleta
Biscuit
Gallina
Chicken
Gamba
King prawn
Ganso
Goose
Garbanzo
Chickpea
Gaseosa
Fizzy drink
Gelatina
Jelly
Glaseado/a
Glazed
Guajalote
Turkey – Mexico
Guayaba
Guava
Guiso
Gravy, stew
Al gusto
As you like it


H

Habas
Broad beans
Hamburguesa
Hamburger
a la Hawaiiana
With pineapple
Helado
Ice cream (also: frozen)
Hervido/a
Boiled
Hielo
Ice
Hierba
Herb
Higado
Liver
Higo
Fig
Hongos
Mushrooms
Al horno
Oven-baked
A la huancaína
In a cheese and chilli sauce – Peru
Huevo
Egg
Huevo frito
Fried egg
Huevo pasado/cocido
Soft/hard-boiled egg
Huevos revueltos
Scrambled egg
   
I  
Impuesto
Tax, VAT
   
J

Jalea
Fried mixed seafood – Peru (elsewhere: jelly)
Jamón
Ham
A la jardinera
With mixed veg (and usually mayonnaise)
Jarabe
Syrup
Jarra
Jar, carafe
Jengibre
Ginger
Jeréz
Sherry
Jugo
Juice
Judia
Bean
Jugoso/a
Rare (juicy)


K

Keke / queque
Cake (usually sponge)


L

Langosta
Lobster
Langostino
Crayfish or prawn
Lasaña
Lasagne
Lechón
Suckling pig
Lechuga
Lettuce
Legumbres
Vegetables
Lengua
Tongue
Lenguado
Sole
Lenteja
Lentil
Licuado
Mixed fruit juice (often with milk)
Lima
Lime
Limón
Lemon (can also be lime)
Limonada
Lemonade
Locro
Thick soup or stew with corn or potato
Lomo / lomito
High-quality beef
Lomo saltado
Stir-fry of beef, chips and vegetables – Peru
Lúcuma
Sweet fruit (often used in ice cream) – Peru, Chile


M

Macarrones
Macaroni
A la madrileña
In tomato sauce
Mani
Peanut (except Mexico)
Mantequilla
Butter
Manzana
Apple
A la marinera
With seafood
Mariscos
Seafood
Matambre
Meat roll
Medialuna
Croissant – Argentina
Mermelada Jam
(A la) milanesa
Breadcrumbed
Mole (poblano)
Chilli and chocolate sauce (usually with chicken or turkey) – Mexico
Molido/a
Minced
Morcilla
Black pudding or blood sausage
Mostaza
Mustard


N

Nabo
Turnip
Naranja
Orange
Nuez
Nut (especially walnut)


O

Ossobuco
Small veal cutlets – Argentina
Ostra
Oyster


P

Palmito
Palm heart
Palta
Avocado – South America
Pan
Bread
Pankeke / panqueque
Pancake
Panecillo
Roll
Pan tostado
Toast
Papa
Potato
Papa a la huancaína
Boiled potato in cheese and chilli sauce
Papa rellena
Stuffed potato
Papas fritas
Chips (fries)
Papas sancochadas
Boiled potatoes
A la parrilla / parillado/a
Grilled
Pasas
Raisins
Pastel
Pastry, cake
Patita/patitos
Trotter
Pato
Duck
Pavo
Turkey
Pecho / pechuga
Breast (poultry)
Pepino
Cucumber
Perejil
Parsley
Pera
Pear
Pescado
Fish
Picante
Spicy
Picarones
Sweet batter rings served with honey
Pimentón
Pepper (capsicum)
Piña
Pineapple
Pisco
Peruvian/Chilean grape brandy
Plátano
Banana, plantain
A lo pobre
(Steak) with onions, topped with fried egg
A la polaca
Polish-style
Pollo
Chicken
Pomelo
Grapefruit
Porción
Helping, portion
Porotos
Beans – Argentina, Chile
Postre
Dessert
Puerco
Pig, pork
Pulpo
Octopus
Puré
Mashed potato


Q

Quesadilla
Folded, grilled tortilla with cheese – Mexico
Queso
Cheese
Queso fundido
Melted cheese (like fondue)


R

Rábano
Radish
Rabo
Tail
Rabo de buey
Oxtail
Rallado
Desiccated, grated
Rebozado/a
Battered
Refresco
Soft drink
Relleno/a
Stuffed
Repollo
Cabbage – Chile
Res
Beef
Róbalo
Haddock
Rocoto relleno
Stuffed chillis – Peru
Riñon
Kidney
Ron
Rum


S

Sal
Salt
Salado/a
Salted
Salchicha
Sausage
Salpicón
Chopped veg and shredded beef
Salsa
Sauce
Saltado/a
Chopped up
Sancochado
Inexpensive meat stew
Sandía
Watermelon
Seco de...
Single piece of stewed meat without juices
Semilla
Seed
Setas
Wild mushrooms
Shop / Schopp
Draught beer
Sopa
Soup
Submarino
Hot chocolate – Argentina, club sandwich – Ecuador
Sudado de...
Stew of...
Suprema de pollo
Chicken supreme
Surtido/a
Assorted


T

Taco
Filled Mexican tortilla
Tacu tacu
Stir-fry of rice, beans, peppers and onions
Tallarines
Spaghetti, noodles

Tea
Timbal
Meat pie
Tocino
Bacon
Tomate
Tomato
Toronja
Grapefruit
Torta
Rich cake – not Mexico; sandwich (often made with tortillas) – Mexico
Tortilla
Omelette – not Mexico; corn or wheat flatbread – Mexico
Tostadas
Toast (plural)


U

Uva
Grape


V

Al vapor
Steamed
Verduras
Vegetables
Vino (tinto/blanco)
(Red/white) wine


Y

Yema
Egg yolk
Yuca
Cassava, manioc


Z

Zanahoria
Carrot
Zapallo
Pumpkin
Zarzo/zarzamora
Blackberry
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

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