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Signature Peru: Classic highlights of Peru

14 days from £3699pp

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Signature Peru: Classic highlights of Peru:
Trip Dossier

This thrill-a-minute journey captures the natural and cultural highlights of this extraordinary country. Arrive in the vast metropolis of the capital, Lima, and move on to the arched colonial plazas of Arequipa, Peru’s atmospheric White City, which sits in the desert in the shadow of Volcano Misti. Travel by road up through stark desert scenery to remote Colca Canyon, where a traditional rural lifestyle has been preserved. 

Drive on to the icy, sapphire waters of high-altitude Lake Titicaca. Continue by luxury train to historic Cusco, the former Inca capital with its meticulous Inca stonework and graceful colonial architecture. It’s a short drive to the Sacred Valley of the Incas. Continue by rail through a narrow gorge to the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu, set on a mountain saddle above the Urubamba Valley.

Short itinerary

Holiday itinerary

Day 1

Arrive in Lima and transfer to hotel in the Pacific coast district of Miraflores.

Day 2

Guided tour of Colonial Lima and Larco Museum. Fly to Arequipa.

Day 3

City tour of Arequipa and Santa Catalina Convent, and Juanita mummy.

Day 4

Drive up through the Andes to Colca Canyon.

Day 5

Condor spotting excursion.

Day 6

Drive to Lake Titicaca via Lampa.

Day 7

Visit Taquile Island, Luquina Chico and the floating Uros Islands.

Day 8

Travel by train across the altiplano to Cusco.

Day 9

City tour, including nearby Inca ruins.

Day 10

Visit Chinchero village, Maras salt pans and Moray archaeological site.

Day 11

Explore the Sacred Valley of the Incas.

Day 12

By train to Machu Picchu, guided tour. Overnight Machu Picchu.

Day 13

Optional revisit to the site, return to Cusco.

Day 14

Depart for international flight, via Lima.

Detailed itinerary

Day 1

Arrive in Lima and transfer to hotel in the Pacific coast district of Miraflores.
 

You will be met at the airport and escorted to your hotel by one of our local representatives. The half-hour drive to the hotel through Lima is not the most enchanting introduction to this city of extreme contrasts, but it does encapsulate the invigorating buzz of a modern-day Latin American capital.

Day 2

Guided tour of Colonial Lima and Larco Museum. Fly to Arequipa.
 

Lima is a vast, complex metropolis, with a history dating from the era of its wealth and importance to Imperial Spain to its current status as a dynamic, growing city of trade, industry and tourism.

Plaza San Martín, with its colonial churches, promenades and palaces marks the beginning of a guided tour that unearths much of the country's turbulent past. En route, visit several palaces including the Torre Eagle Palace (built for the treasurer of the Royal Spanish fleet and considered to be the most striking of Lima's 18th century mansions). Another building which borrows its architectural style from Baroque and Moorish Spain is the Monastery of San Francisco with its fascinating library and catacombs. 

The final port of call is the private Larco Museum with its collection of beautifully modelled pottery, unique gold and silver work, mummies, and ceramics from pre-Inca civilisations. Afterwards,  continue to the airport for a 1hr flight to the colonial university city of Arequipa.

Arequipa is Peru’s second city, a traditional rival to Lima, relatively calm and conservative in comparison to the dynamic capital. The buildings here are constructed from sillar, a white-grey volcanic stone, and appear translucent against a rich blue sky. The domes, spires and pillars add to a somewhat Middle Eastern aspect. The city lies at the foot of the slopes of the conical El Misti Volcano.

Local shop in Lima

Day 3

City tour of Arequipa and Santa Catalina Convent, and Juanita mummy.
 

Take a guided tour of the city, strolling through its flowery plazas and shady lanes, visiting some of the most striking architectural masterpieces of the Spanish legacy. A highlight is the visit to the (mostly uninhabited) Santa Catalina Convent, a timeless, peaceful enclave, its walls painted in pastel hues, where its shady nooks and crannies are dotted with flowering potted plants. Wander through the tiny cobbled courtyards where orange trees flourish, peeking into the nuns’ vacant cells.

The tour finishes at the Museo Santuarios Andinos, now home to the 'Juanita Mummy', a beautiful maiden sacrificed to the Apu Ampato by Inca priests. It’s a fascinating little museum which houses the remains of several Inca mummies recently recovered from the tops of surrounding volcanoes and mountains. They have been superbly preserved by the freezing conditions, many were thought to have been sacrificed as offerings to the mountain gods over 500 years ago.

Day 4

Drive up through the Andes to Colca Canyon.
 

On the road to the Colca Canyon you’ll get a closer look at this magnificent scenery. The road crosses a desolate high plain and through a vicuña reserve. The vicuña, a smaller, more delicate, relative of the llama has fine wool which is literally worth more than its weight in gold. You may also come across vizcachas, alpacas, llamas and flamingoes all feeding on the coarse grasslands.

The route continues around the cavernous crater of an extinct volcano and over a high pass before emerging onto the lip of the Colca valley. From there you can look out over the vast network of meticulously terraced fields and minuscule hamlets. There’s a boxed lunch provided on the way, as you descend into the valley to your lodgings; dine at the lodge.

Colca Canyon

Day 5

Condor spotting excursion.
 

Rise early to continue by road, climbing the valley side to where the Colca itself is far below you, and beyond is a concertina of terraced fields of traditional Andean crops such as potatoes, quinoa and kiwicha. We reach the Cruz del Condor viewpoint at just before 8am . Here you can stand on a bluff looking into the deepest part of the canyon, where a patchwork of tawny colours spreads across the valley like a quilt, and watch as graceful condors soar effortlessly skyward from lofty crags and rocky ledges.

Along the way to the viewpoint there are a number of small villages where the women still wear traditional headwear and embroidered dresses of remarkable intricacy. Drive to the valley’s main town of Chivay, stopping at the villages of Maca and Yanque. Return to your lodge. After lunch, you have an afternoon at leisure.

Condor at Cruz del Condor

Day 6

Drive to Lake Titicaca via Lampa.
 

A  spectacular 6hr journey on a modern road leads across Andean highland moors to the lively port and University town of Puno, at 3,805m above sea level, squatting on the shores of Lake Titicaca. The scenery along the way is windswept and desolate and the vastness of the landscape yawns towards the distant horizon under a bright Andean sky.

En route, the occasional stop alongside a collection of small highland lakes may give you the chance to see flamingos feeding in the mineral-rich waters.  There’s a worthwhile diversion to the isolated, rosy-hued town Lampa, with its quirky church and rather ghoulish catacombs, commemorating the outcome of a particularly gruesome battle between the indigenous people and the Spanish armies.The vast, indigo Lake Titicaca - almost an inland sea - sits astride the Peruvian-Bolivian border, and the fish-laden waters and surrounding fertile soil are the lifeblood of subsistence farming communities clustered in scores of adobe villages along the water’s edge. Legend has it that this mystical spot is the birthplace of Inca civilisation: the progeny of the Sun God sprung from its depths to found the empire in Cusco.

Day 7

Visit Taquile Island, Luquina Chico and the floating Uros Islands.
 
Today you set out on the lake aboard a motor boat to visit the remote, tranquil island of Taquile: 7km long, it is devoid of roads and vehicles, its terraced hills scattered with pre-Inca ruins.

From here, continue by boat to the indigenous village of Luquina Chico on the Chucuito Peninsula. This community-based tourism initiative has strict controls over visitor access and a visit allows you a unique insight into local life.

In the afternoon, visit the Uros Islands. You alight on the floating islands, constructed entirely from the lake’s totora reeds – the same material used to build their canoes – and the ‘ground’ moves perceptibly beneath your feet.

During severe storms, the islands may break up into smaller islets. Once devoted to fishing, the inhabitants now earn their living mainly through selling handicrafts to tourists.
Uros Islands Lake Titicaca.

Day 8

Travel by train across the altiplano to Cusco.
 

A luxurious and scenic all-day train journey takes you from Puno to Cusco (10hrs). First you cross the altiplano, a vast, windswept plain, punctuated by the occasional market town, where bowler-hatted indian women tend herds of llamas and alpacas. As the mountains close in, the train climbs to the high pass at La Raya (4,200m), and from here the scenery changes dramatically as you clatter race down through the fertile fields of corn and potatoes to Cusco.

Day 9

City tour, including nearby Inca ruins.
 

The name Cusco derives from the Quechua word for navel, indicating its location at the centre of the Inca Empire, which reached its zenith at the same time as England was fighting the Wars of the Roses. Today its many impressive original Inca walls display extraordinary craftsmanship, while the bustling squares are dotted with ornate baroque colonial churches.

It’s a vivacious city, where shoeshine boys and postcard sellers jostle for your attention in cobbled streets lined with handicraft shops and cafés. In the evening, the town centre fills with people flocking to the many restaurants, bars and cafés.

Today you are led on a tour of the city. You visit Q’oricancha, once the principal Inca Sun Temple, with extraordinarily intricate stonework, and then explore the colossal zigzag walls of Sacsayhuamán, brooding on a hillside above Cusco. In 1536 a desperate and defining three-day battle was fought between the Spaniards and the Incas around this fortress. The first conquistadores to see it were awestruck, and centuries later it is still an extraordinary and imposing sight.

View over Cusco

Day 10

Visit Chinchero village, Maras salt pans and Moray archaeological site.
 

Drive through stunning countryside, against a backdrop of the purple snow-capped Andes to Chinchero, 28km from Cusco. Chinchero is an attractive Indian village with a colourful Sunday market. The central square has a splendid Inca wall on its western side, etched with 10 trapezoidal niches, each large enough to hold a human being. Also on the square, sitting on its upper level, is the town's colonial church, built of adobe and decorated internally with beautiful floral designs.

Continue to the Maras saltpans, a series of terraces where a natural source of saline water is evaporated by the strong Andean sun. In use since Inca times, the saltpans continue to be worked by the local community. You’ll also visit Moray, an Inca experimental agricultural centre. It comprises numerous terraces carved into a large, natural amphitheatre, each one with a different microclimate from those above and below.

Time permitting, you can also visit a traditional weaving project, where local women demonstrate the weaving technique and you can learn about the use of natural dyes and patterns unique to the numerous mountain communities surrounding the Sacred Valley – also a great opportunity to buy excellent quality products, directly from the producers. Return to Cusco for the night.

Market

Day 11

Explore the Sacred Valley of the Incas.
 

Today, head further down from the high plains to explore the fertile Sacred Valley of the Incas. Once the bread-basket of the Inca Empire, it was heavily populated in imperial times and scores of archaeological sites remain, where well-preserved ruins bear witness to the highly developed society that the Incas created. The drive passes through or close to several of the villages and temple fortresses that pepper the valley.

A guided tour exploring the valley. The drive takes in several of the villages and temple fortresses that pepper the valley. You visit Pisaq, both the village, and the terraces and fort high above. The engineering and preservation are unrivalled. From the flat valley floor the sculpted hillside rises up like a green staircase to the heavens.

Have lunch at Rancho Wayra, where there’s a Peruvian Paso horse show and also a traditional marinera dance.

Continue along this picturesque, patchwork valley to the fortress/temple of Ollantaytambo. The snow-frosted Andean cordillera forms a stunning backdrop. Ollantaytambo, sitting strategically at the gateway to the Amazon basin, was never captured by the Spanish conquistadores, but the inhabitants decided that the settlement was too vulnerable and would eventually fail, and so they abandoned it. The fortress, the colonial grid plan and the Inca foundations are still intact and there are wonderful views down over the sloping hillsides and into the fertile valley.

You spend the night in the mystical surroundings of the Sacred Valley, beneath the dome of a vast, clear Andean sky. 

View over the Sacred Vallley

Day 12

By train to Machu Picchu, guided tour. Overnight Machu Picchu.
 

Travelling by rail (1.5hrs) from Ollantaytambo, you reach the ruins of Machu Picchu. As the river Urubamba enters its narrow gorge between thickly-forested granite hills, there is room only for a single track, which hugs the right bank and passes through hamlets that are no more than a collection of shacks beside the railway.

Close to the foot of the mountain on a saddle of which the citadel was built is the bustling village of Machu Picchu (formerly known as Aguas Calientes), dedicated to serving the many visitors with artisan markets, bars and restaurants.

The majestic ruined city, reclaimed from tropical cloud forest, is reached by a sinuous road, or on foot up a near vertical rocky path. The American explorer Hiram Bingham discovered it in 1911, by which time it was completely buried beneath jungle vegetation. It is perhaps the ruins’ location, on a ridge spur amid forested peaks and above a roaring river canyon, that most ignites the imagination.

You will have a guided tour of the ruins and there’s time later to take one of the many trails within the site itself, such as the hike to the vertiginous Inca Bridge, carved into a cliff edge; or wander amongst the stone buildings and llama-dotted grassy ledges, soaking up the atmosphere.

Machu Picchu

Day 13

Optional revisit to the site, return to Cusco.
 

Getting up early and taking the first buses up to the ruins is well worth it...  The site is virtually empty and the early morning mists swirl around the surrounding mountain tops. There’s an option to climb either Huayna Picchu or Machu Picchu Mountain (entrance to these mountains is not included and must be booked in advance); alternatively enjoy the thermal baths or walks in the village below. Return to Cusco by rail and road (about 4 hours).  

Day 14

Depart for international flight, via Lima.
 

Essential information

Transport

2 flights (1hr); 2 full day road journeys; 2 rail journeys (longest 10hrs).

Accommodation

Here we use a mix of hotel standards, choosing accommodation we think is very comfortable but also extremely well located and with some local character. A few are definitely top of the range. Whether colonial in style or modern they have-equipped rooms, private bathrooms and heating. 

Meals

Breakfast daily, lunch days 7, 8, 10, 11; half board day 13.

Guides

We carefully select our local partners, some of whom we have worked with for over 25 years. Their English-speaking guides understand the expectations of our clients very well, and are consistently singled out for praise by the latter on their return.

Included excursions

• Lima: A unique day exploring the street-life and markets of Lima
• Arequipa: City tour with Santa Catalina Convent and Juanita Mummy
• Colca Canyon: Cruz del Condor
• Lake Titicaca : Uros Islands, Atuncola and Pre-Inca funeral towers at Sillustani 
• Cusco: City tour and Sacsayhuamán ruins
• Cusco highlands: Visit to Inca site and traditional villages
• Sacred Valley: Excursion to Inca ruins Pisaq and Ollantaytambo
• Machu Picchu: Guided tour

Entrance fees to sites above included.

Summary of nights

15 days, 14 nights: Lima 1; Arequipa 2; Colca Canyon 2; Lake Titicaca 2; Cusco 3; Sacred Valley 2; Machu Picchu 1; Cusco 1.

Included in the journey price

• Services of our team of experts in our London office.
• Services of Journey Latin America local representatives and guides.
• All land and air transport within Latin America.
• Accommodation as specified.
• Meals as specified.
• Excursions as specified, including entrance fees.

Not included in the journey price

• Tips and gratuities.
• Meals other than specified
• International flights to Latin America.
• Airport taxes, when not included in the ticket.
• Optional excursions.

Currency

The unit of currency in Peru is the sol.

Daily spend

It is very difficult to give a guideline for essential expenses but a budget of around US$45 per day should cover the cost of meals not included in the holiday itinerary, drinks and the odd souvenir. Eat at the best restaurants and you will pay considerably more.

How to take it

Cash machines are available in all major cities and towns, and so taking a debit or credit card with a PIN number is the most convenient way of withdrawing money while on your trip, and in most shops and restaurants you can also pay by card. However, since cards can get lost, damaged, withheld or blocked, you should not rely exclusively on a card to access funds.

We recommend that additionally you take a reasonable quantity of US dollars cash (no more than is covered by your insurance), which you can exchange into local currency, and possibly some travellers’ cheques, though these are gradually falling out of use (American Express are the most widely accepted). Dollar bills should be in good condition, soiled or torn bills may be refused. You can take sterling, but the exchange rate is not always competitive or even available, restricting the number of places where you can change money.

Tipping

Tips are welcomed and local guides often rely on their tip as a significant proportion of their income. 

Most service industry workers will expect a tip of some kind and so it is useful to have spare change for hotel porters, taxi drivers and the like. It is common to leave 10 - 12% in restaurants.

Tipping guidelines can be found in our Briefing Dossier.

Insurance

Travel insurance is essential.  Details of our recommended policy can be found on our Travel Insurance page. 

Airport taxes

If you have purchased your flights through Journey Latin America, the international departure tax is usually included in the ticket.

Journey grade

There are some early mornings and one long day of travel (with stops) on this holiday.

This holiday is suitable for all able-bodied, reasonably fit visitors, including families. In other cases, and if you have a disability or other special requirements, please call us.

The streets in Cusco are cobbled and steep and you must be cautious taking these on, at altitude (see “Altitude” below).

Climate

Lima is covered in a dull grey mist for much of the year, although the sun does break through between November and March. It almost never rains in Lima, and temperatures are moderate. Arequipa is sunnier than Lima and for most of the year it is warm enough to wear a shirt during the day and perhaps a light jumper at night.

The rainy season in the Andes runs between November and March when there are showers most afternoons.

The dry season is in June, July and August when the sun is strong during the day, but at night the temperature drops dramatically (from freezing point to 10°C). May, September and October are less predictable, with both rainy and sunny spells.

Altitude

Your stays in Arequipa (2300m), Puno (3800m), Cusco (3400m), and the Sacred Valley (2800-3000m) are at high altitude. Because the trip gains altitude slowly, most people are only mildly affected and if you drink plenty of water and allow your body to acclimatise (don’t exert yourself or drink alcohol for the first couple of days at altitude), you’ll probably be OK. Symptoms vary: most common are mild headaches, slight nausea and breathlessness. If you don’t recover in a day or two speak to our representatives; in very rare instances it is necessary to descend to lower altitudes. 

Please refer to our Briefing Dossier for further information.

Clothing and special equipment

For day-to-day wear you should go prepared to encounter all seasons. Both warm clothing and a sun hat are essential at altitude; a light fleece jacket and a waterproof/breathable outer shell makes a good combination. Trousers, skirt or shorts made from light, quick-drying synthetic materials work well. If you plan to eat in smart restaurants, although clothing is not formal (no need for jacket and tie), something quite smart would be appropriate. Strong, comfortable footwear is essential and you should bring insect repellant, sun block and sun glasses. You should take swimwear for pools or hot springs though most hotels don’t have them.

Due to luggage restrictions on the train to Machu Picchu, arrangements will be made to transport the bulk of your baggage to Cusco. You can take up to 10kgs per person on the train and an overnight holdall is recommended to separate your luggage for the night spent away. They are more strict on the size of luggage than the weight. It must fit on the overhead rack.

Please get in touch with the office before departure if you have any doubts. Good equipment is very important and hard to come by in South America.

Vaccinations

Preventative vaccinations are recommended against the following: typhoid; polio; tetanus; hepatitis A. You should consult your GP for specific requirements.

You can also find helpful information on the Masta Travel Health website.

Visas

Holders of a full British passport do not require a visa, although passports must be valid for at least 6 months after the trip begins.  Anyone with a different nationality should enquire with us or check with the relevant consulate.
APIS and ESTA - important flight information:

ESTA - if flying to the US, or via the US you will need to fill in your application to ESTA online.
This costs $14 per person, and must be done by you personally.
Passports must also be machine-readable (MRP). Avoid locking suitcases if transiting the USA, as their customs authorities retain the right to break into them.

APIS - Many countries now oblige airlines to provide additional information about passengers prior to the flight departure. This Advance Passenger Information (APIS) must be supplied to us promptly in order to issue tickets and avoid fare increases. We will provide the airlines with the relevant details if we are booking your international flights. If the information is not provided you may be denied boarding.

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