By road into the Pantanal. It’s a 5hr drive from Campo Grande.
The Pantanal do Mato Grosso wetlands span an area half the size of France. They are seasonally flooded, drained by the Paraguay river, and comprise swampy grasslands, lagoons and channels, only meagrely covered with sparse woodland, leaving some of the greatest concentrations of fauna on the continent exposed to view. The wildlife coexists harmoniously with the cattle which breed on the ranches. According to season, you may observe flocks of parakeets, roseate spoonbills, ibis, macaws and giant storks taking flight. In the dry season, scores of caiman laze on the river beaches, giant capybaras stroll across the road and you may come across armadillos, anteaters and howler monkeys.
You’ll be spending 3 nights on a ranch (fazenda) deep in the heart of the region. Barra Mansa is a small traditional farm and lodge in the southern Pantanal, near the bank of the Rio Negro. It is quite isolated with no real road access, so mammals, reptiles and birds roam freely and confidently in their habitat. The only way to reach it in the wet season is by plane. The lodge was created in the 1940s as a cattle-breeding ranch but its main focus now is eco-tourism and the lodge is now involved in many environmental projects.